Golf Season End

When Does Golf Season End?

Golf is a sport that can be played all year in many parts of the world thanks to mild climates and advances in course design and conditioning. Even experienced golfers take a break when the weather becomes too cold, hot, wet, or otherwise unpleasant. So, when does the golf season typically end? The answer is highly location-dependent.

When golf season ends varies by region and climate. Due to colder weather and winter snow, northern states in the US and Canada have shorter golf seasons than southern states. In contrast, tropical and desert climates allow for year-round golf, with no “off season.” Temperate climates exist between these extremes, with the fall, winter, and early spring seasons being too cold, wet, or unpredictable for ideal golf conditions.

Understanding the typical end-of-season timeframes for various areas allows golfers to plan around course closures and restrictions. This article looks at how climate and weather affect when the golf season ends in different parts of the world.

When Does the Golf Season End in Northern USA and Canada?

In northern-tier American states such as Minnesota, the golf season usually ends in October or November with the first frost. Most northern courses close completely shortly after Thanksgiving weekend, as consistent subfreezing temperatures set in and snow begins to accumulate. They remain closed throughout the winter because the icy, snow-covered turf is unsuitable for golf.

Far northern courses in states bordering Canada frequently close first, as early as late October in areas near the Great Lakes. For example, courses in northern Michigan, New York, Vermont, and Maine may close in late October or early November if cold fronts arrive early. Southern New England courses typically remain open at least through Thanksgiving weekend.

In Canada, weather fronts affecting Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and the coastal Atlantic provinces cause the golf season to end in late October or early November. Courses prepare for the Freeze Risk months until spring thaws relaunch the golf season, which typically occurs in April or May.

When does golf season end in the Northeast, Midwest, and Plains states?

Most golf courses in the northeastern, midwestern, and central plains states remain open at least until October, and often into November if the weather permits. From the Carolinas to Ohio and Kansas, the average seasonal first frost date falls between early and late October. This brings the prime golf season to an end soon after.

Kentucky, Virginia, Missouri, and areas near the Mason-Dixon line typically have late October/early November closing dates. Farther north, courses in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, and eastern Kansas plan to close in October. Specific closing dates vary within these broad regions, depending on microclimates, annual weather variations, and course maintenance budgets.

Private clubs that have the resources to extensively overseed, aerate, top-dress, and care for turf may push the envelope until November. However, most public and semi-private facilities try to squeeze in play time until the ground freezes or the first snowstorm hits. Golfers must monitor local forecasts and plan final rounds accordingly before winter sets in.

When does the golf season end along the west coast?

The Pacific West Coast has mild weather, allowing most courses to remain open year-round despite rainy winters. The peak golf seasons in California, western Oregon, and Washington run from April to October. Aside from occasional winter storms that bring heavy rain, west coast golf can last into December or later.

Coastal courses face wet conditions in November and December, rather than cold and ice in inland regions. However, winter rounds may necessitate rain gear, specialized footwear, and patience when navigating soaked fairways and temporary winter greens. Borderline playable days mix with sunshine, making them ideal for off-season golf. In the west, prime season resumes in February/March.

When Does Golf Season End in the Southern States?

Golf season in warm southern states such as Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas may never end. While northern golfers store their clubs for the winter, courses throughout Dixie remain open and busy. Retired and snowbird golfers flock to southern destinations to take advantage of year-round golf.

However, even southern courses face difficult conditions during the coldest winter months of late December through February. Bermuda grasses become dormant, and overseeded ryegrass struggles to establish and take root during the coldest overnight periods. Maintaining consistent greens speeds and quality conditions is difficult during the dead of winter.

In January and February, course closures due to frost delays are more common. Cart restrictions are also used to protect dormant turf. Temporary greens are frequently installed around greens and tee boxes to provide turf recovery time during peak winter stress. So, while the golf “season” never truly ends down south, prime conditions do tend to subside in the middle of winter.

When Does Golf Season End In Desert Regions?

Peak golf seasons in southwestern states such as Arizona, New Mexico, southern California, and Nevada are similar to those in the coastal and southern regions. Courses in Phoenix, Palm Springs, Las Vegas, Tucson, and the surrounding areas remain open and busy throughout the winter due to warm daily temperatures and sunshine. Retirees and snowbirds from northern areas keep the courses busy.

However, desert golf must deal with extremes that necessitate careful water management, overseeding, and turf maintenance regimes. The daily temperature fluctuations between warm afternoons and cold nights stress both cool and warm season turfgrasses. This means that winter rounds may feature overseeded tee boxes, fairways, and greens. Frost delays can occasionally disrupt prime tee times.

However, compared to the rest of the country, desert golf from Palm Springs to Scottsdale has significantly longer fair weather seasons. From September to May, snowless weather and plenty of sunshine keep courses open, with the exception of occasional closures and delays caused by low temperatures. Optimal conditions exist nearly all year.

When Does Golf Season End on the Hawaiian Islands?

Year-round tropical golf is a major draw for visitors to the Hawaiian Islands. Courses on Maui, Oahu, Kauai, and the Big Island remain open all year thanks to consistently warm temperatures, moderate rainfall, and plenty of sunshine despite some cloud cover during the wetter winter months.

Even in January and February, when northern courses experience deep freezes, Hawaiian golf is lush and vibrant. Frost delays or freeze concerns are never discussed in this Pacific paradise. At any given time, visitors can expect to find pristine conditions on scenic courses surrounded by oceanfront holes, stylish resort layouts, or difficult lava rock-laden tracks guarded by strategic jungle foliage.

For the vast majority of tourists who travel to Hawaii specifically to experience its world-class golf offerings, there is no defined golf season. The only differences visitors may notice are higher peak season rates, busier tee sheets, and more rain during the winter months. However, neither weather nor course conditions impede Hawaiian golf at any time of year.


When the golf season ends varies greatly depending on the region, ranging from as early as October in the northernmost states and Canada to almost year-round in southern and Hawaiian destinations. Golfers who live in or travel to areas prone to cold winter weather must plan ahead of time in order to capitalize on the relatively brief optimal golfing periods that occur each year.

Meanwhile, those who live in the south or have the ability to travel south or west for the winter can largely avoid golfing interruptions. These regions’ perpetual golf seasons provide ideal playing conditions for snowbirds after friends back home have stored their golf gear for the year. Understanding typical seasonal changes based on geography enables all golfers to make the most of each region’s golf offerings.

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